Save Money. Prevent
Wolf Dieter Käppler
2008, x, 142 S., 48 SW-Abb., 34 Tabellen. 235 mm, Hardcover
At its core, being a road user means solving constant new driving tasks in constantly changing contexts; as a form of social behavior, it extends beyond motor vehicle operation. The driver's freedom of action means that his or her attitude, behavior and motivation are given special importance. For this reason, targeted training procedures are used to improve traffic safety. In this respect, thanks to rapidly advancing technological developments, driving simulators offer interesting possible applications, and, furthermore, advantages in terms of objectification, documentation, data capture and evaluation. As there are hardly any risks or dangers, however, the use of driving simulators requires specific training concepts which are based on an analysis of tasks, activities and boundary conditions, and which allocate other training media their place in an overall training system. This manual brings together the basic principles of education and training, modeling, task description and analysis, and the pros and cons of simulation as a training method. It describes the method used to design appropriate teaching and training programs. The main components and a taxonomy of the simulator technology are presented. As an example, an interlinked driving teaching program which has been carried out is presented, with vehicles and simulators for professional drivers. This is followed by three advanced training programs which have also been tested. These simulator training courses for professional hazardous materials and package goods drivers are based on optimized simulator-specific teaching and training matter, covering an economic driving technique, an anticipatory driving technique including rare events and a frustration-resistant driving technique, i.e. self-control. The manual is rounded off by descriptions of scripts, learning strands, measurement values, questionnaires and analysis procedures to assess training success. Organizational forms, business management calculations and staff selection processes are suggested for the actual running of simulators. These are complemented by easy-tounderstand profiles and instructions for "train the trainer" courses.